Page 1 Session 3- DRABC

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D-Danger

 THE APPROACH

When approaching a child/Infant who has been injured or been involved in a accident there are a number of key points.

1. Remain calm

2. Do not rush towards the child

3. Stop assess

4. Look for potential hazard

  • Glass
  • Gas
  • Smoke
  • Falling objects
  • Electrical Items
  • Water near electrical items
  • ​Vehicles
  • Other People
  • Trip hazards

​The rule is simple stay SAFE.

The Primary Assessment

Within the primary assessment there is a system known as

D.R.A.B.C.D=

D=Danger

R=Response

A=Airways

B=Breathing

C= Circulation

D=Defibrillation

To understand each step we will break them down. The Primary assessment will be put into practice, should you attend a Life Lines work shop

Page 2 Session 3- DRABC

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Response

 Gather Information 

As a paediatric first aider it may be difficult to know what happened and have very little time to gather information. The child/infant who is injured must take priority, however if there are others who witnessed the incident ask questions and gather information. This information can be used to inform the emergency services of the situation.​

As a paediatric first aider you should try to make a diagnosis use this system to help,

​     History               Signs                   Symptoms

HISTORY - SIGNS - SYMPTOMS

HISTORY

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Child eating food

SIGNS

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Child grasping at throat making no noise

SYMPTOMS

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Child is choking first aid is required to clear the airways

HOW TO CHECK THE RESPONSE OF A CHILD

Approach The Child (Step 1)

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As you approach the child keep checking for any dangers to yourself or others. Keep talking to the child to see how responsive they are to your voice. 

Tap the Child's Shoulders (Step 2)

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Knell beside the child tap their shoulders and speak to them in a firm clear voice. keep watching the child's face for any response.

NO RESPONSE-Shout For Help

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Shout out loud for help, at this stage it is important no to go looking for help as a first aider your job is now to confirm if child is breathing.

CHECKING RESPONSE OF A BABY

Approach The Baby(Step 1)

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Like the child approach with caution checking for dangers and still taking to see if baby responds to noise. 

Flick the bottom of babies foot (Step 2)

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Babies tend to be very responsive to their feet being touched simply brush or flick you finger over the sole of the babies feet and check for response. 

NO RESPONSE Shout For Help

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Like the child do not go looking for help at this stage it is important to establish is the child breathing.

This will be our next step.

IMPORTANT!

When a child/baby  is unresponsive you are dealing with a unconscious casualty, this means they are breathing but not awake. 

The next steps are very important, spend some time on this subject go to NEXT PAGE