When approaching a child/Infant who has been injured or been involved in a accident there are a number of key points.
1. Remain calm
2. Do not rush towards the child
3. Stop assess
4. Look for potential hazard
The rule is simple stay SAFE.
Within the primary assessment there is a system known as
To understand each step we will break them down. The Primary assessment will be put into practice, should you attend a Life Lines work shop
As a paediatric first aider it may be difficult to know what happened and have very little time to gather information. The child/infant who is injured must take priority, however if there are others who witnessed the incident ask questions and gather information. This information can be used to inform the emergency services of the situation.
As a paediatric first aider you should try to make a diagnosis use this system to help,
History Signs Symptoms
Child eating food
Child grasping at throat making no noise
Child is choking first aid is required to clear the airways
As you approach the child keep checking for any dangers to yourself or others. Keep talking to the child to see how responsive they are to your voice.
Knell beside the child tap their shoulders and speak to them in a firm clear voice. keep watching the child's face for any response.
Shout out loud for help, at this stage it is important no to go looking for help as a first aider your job is now to confirm if child is breathing.
Like the child approach with caution checking for dangers and still taking to see if baby responds to noise.
Babies tend to be very responsive to their feet being touched simply brush or flick you finger over the sole of the babies feet and check for response.
Like the child do not go looking for help at this stage it is important to establish is the child breathing.
This will be our next step.
When a child/baby is unresponsive you are dealing with a unconscious casualty, this means they are breathing but not awake.
The next steps are very important, spend some time on this subject go to NEXT PAGE